Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Achieving and maintaining a successful pregnancy places physical and emotional strains on women, and their partner. It is a sensitive time when maintaining good health is vital for mother and baby.

‘Matrascence’, the process of becoming a mother involves pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. The postpartum period is when your body undergoes physical changes to return back to your previous non-pregnant state [1]. This period can last for approximately 6 weeks following childbirth, but can vary between women. A high priority during postpartum recovery is healing from your childbirth wounds. Looking after yourself will aid effective wound healing, and help you regain your strength to continue caring for your newborn. Childbirth, both natural and caesarean section, are physically and emotionally strenuous experiences. A natural childbirth can be described as a marathon, lasting between

Pregnancy is a very special yet delicate time that embodies not only your developing baby, but many dietary and lifestyle guidelines that you might be following to a T or perhaps still practicing to make perfect. Every pregnant woman has her own struggles and it helps to confide in your own mother and other mothers

Healthy eating during pregnancy is one of the best gifts you can give to your baby-to-be. Good nutrition will support his or her growth and development, maintain your health and possibly benefit their health in later years. Now that you’re pregnant, your daily nutritional needs are greater but not exactly doubled. Focus on choosing foods

Maternal diet plays a role on the volume and quality of some nutrients present in breast milk which are needed to support the phenomenal growth and high energy needs of the infant. Infancy is the time beginning from birth to the first year of life; a period during which their nutrition may impact their health

Finally in your sights is the miracle and beauty of your baby girl or boy. Mothering your infant will be both blissful with countless memorable milestones and exhausting from much deprived sleep. Your boundless love and devotion for your little human being might be pushing your priorities in life and lifestyle choices behind your child’s

As a new first-time mother, you may come across many things that will cause you to worry and stress. But fear not! There is no doubt, whatever you are dealing with, someone has dealt with it before. Here we discuss some of the most common concerns for a baby, parents may have. Bedtime tricks and tips! Remember

Nature intended for mothers to breastfeed but when nipples start to hurt and breasts become too heavy to carry, breastfeeding may not feel natural at all. Breastfeeding should not hurt and if it does it’s usually because the baby isn’t latched on properly. This is a common problem faced by many new and experienced breastfeeding

While undoubtedly you are putting all your concern and energy into your newborn baby, who is looking after you? The early stages of motherhood can be quite tough, particularly if it’s your first time round. Often mothers are so involved with being a mother that they can neglect their own concerns or problems. It is

If you are thinking about or you’ve just started trying to conceive, then you no doubt have many questions on what is the best course of action for you and your partner to take. You have entered a very exciting time in your life, but for many it can turn out to be frustrating when

Making a baby takes two to tango, so while you are doing everything you can to become more fertile, there is still one other factor, your partner’s fertility. Men can be quite stubborn when the quality of their sperm is put into question, so it’s not an easy conversation to bring up. But in fact,

Are you paying close attention to your body, searching and hoping to feel something that may suggest that you’re pregnant? The early symptoms of pregnancy aren’t all that different to those you may normally feel around your period, but are usually more enhanced. If you are experiencing a collection of these symptoms it may be

Research continues to reveal the impact maternal nutrition can have on the life of the offspring. As various diseases and conditions rise in incidence each year, so to do the links they share with maternal nutrient status. Despite the awareness of prenatal nutrition, insufficiencies in omega-3 fatty acids, iodine, vitamin D and folic acid still

For the uninitiated, the topic of sex during pregnancy can represent a bit of a grey area. While information on the importance of safe sex to avoid pregnancy and sex to achieve pregnancy abounds, once pregnancy is achieved, many of us begin to dissociate sex from the whole equation. Would couples even want to have sex

Becoming a mother and starting a family, fulfills the hopes and dreams for many women. Motherhood enriches your life with love, laughter and joy. If you are a first time mother, you are probably doing a lot of reading to prepare for the changes ahead. There is a lot of information to get through, for

Breastfeeding is the best way of providing your newborn baby with essential nutrients they require for optimal physical and mental development. World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF highly advocates breastfeeding because of its many health benefits (e.g. cognitive and immune development) that extend through to adulthood [1]. WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding (i.e. infant receives only breast

During puberty, young women and men experience a rapid growth in height and weight, changes in body composition and the development of primary and secondary sexual characteristics. Nutritional needs increase in accordance with this accelerated growth, but more so for adolescent girls than boys. The sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone begin to produce chances in body

Why do I need calcium? Calcium is a nutrient needed in the body to build strong teeth and bones. Calcium also allows blood to clot normally, muscles and nerves to function properly, and the heart to beat normally. Most of the calcium in your body is found inside your bones. What if I don’t consume enough calcium? Your

Caring for two takes it out of your body. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, women’s nutritional requirements increase dramatically to cope with extra demand. There is also considerable variation in the types of nutrients required by mother and child during this exciting period. Foetal development can be less that optimal if certain nutrients are not available

Prenatal maternal nutrition is a controllable factor that strongly influences fetal development and subsequent neonatal outcomes. The required intake for many nutrients during pregnancy significantly increase and their deficiencies during pregnancy have proven to have devastating effects relating to their role in fetal development. Iron requirements in particular rise substantially during pregnancy due to the

Are you trying to get pregnant and want to know when you’re ovulating? Some women have strict menstrual cycles and can determine for themselves when to get their groove on, others may not be as regular and need some assistance from bodily hints. Ovulation occurs midway through the menstrual cycle, so that’s around the 14th

Eat healthy, exercise daily, quit smoking, cut down drinking and stress less – yep, you’ve heard this advice before but why are these lifestyle changes so important to follow through during preconception? A healthy lifestyle before conception will promote quality gametes, a welcoming uterus and when conception occurs, a healthy pregnancy. Making healthier lifestyle choices

The time after your baby’s birth is a period of physical and emotional readjustment. Your body will gradually return to a semi-normal state. At the same time, you and your family will be taking on new roles to cope with the inclusion and demands of your new baby. The length of time it takes to

Breastfeeding has many benefits. On a health and nutritional level, breast milk is likely to provide all the nutrients your baby needs, and protects your baby from certain diseases. On a psychological level, breast-feeding promotes a special loving bond between you and your baby, and many women feel very emotional whilst breastfeeding. These benefits explain

First trimester This is a time when you may feel physically and emotionally drained. You may also feel anxious as you may not yet feel comfortable about your pregnancy. Some of the more common complaints during the first trimester include morning sickness, dental problems, and tiredness. Morning sickness About half of all pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting

Never underestimate the calming effect of being prepared.  Hopefully by now you have made all the arrangements in preparation for the birth.  If you have decided on giving birth in a hospital, it is ideal to select the hospital early in the pregnancy.  The same applies for selecting your healthcare provider during the pregnancy, be

Procare can be used while women are trying to conceive, not just whilst pregnant. It contains important vitamins and minerals that are not only important for women preparing to have children. This article describes how the ingredients of Procare can benefit women trying to conceive, like folic acid, which should be taken before pregnant to

Procare can be used after pregnancy as an important breastfeeding supplement for mothers. The nutrient requirements of many vitamins and minerals increase after pregnancy as they are required to make quality breast milk for infants to continue growth and development. This article looks at why these nutrients are important and how Procare can benefit breastfeeding

Vitamin K1 is synthesized by plants, and green vegetables provide the primary source of vitamin K to humans through dietary consumption. Vitamin K is important for normal clotting of blood in humans and for maintaining bone strength. Its biological role is to act as a cofactor for a specific carboxylation reaction that transforms selective glutamate

The relationship and effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the developing fetal central nervous system (CNS) and sleeping pattern outcomes in infancy have remained unexplored. Researchers conducted a study to investigate whether CNS integrity in newborns (measured by their sleeping patterns) was correlated with maternal concentrations of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), in particular DHA.

Knowing exactly what nutrition is best for you and your child during pregnancy and breastfeeding can be difficult, however many do not consider the necessity for calcium and other nutrients for bone health and development. The increased demand for calcium from the developing fetus is important to think about as this may significantly draw on

Around half of all pregnant women experience morning sickness. It is an uncomfortable, but normal part of pregnancy. You may be lucky and only experience mild symptoms, or the condition may progress to severe nausea and vomiting. Morning sickness may start a few weeks after falling pregnant and is more likely to affect women with

Anaemia is a condition that is common in mothers during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Women normally require higher levels of iron, however during pregnancy and breastfeeding, this requirement increases. Symptoms of anaemia can include shortness of breath, constant fatigue, headache, nausea, insomnia, loss of appetite, and a rapid pulse. Anaemia during pregnancy can however, have more

Iodine deficiency is a common occurrence among pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. Iodine is essential for regulating the body’s metabolism and a deficiency in this mineral can have major consequences. Iodine deficiency is more serious in babies and young children, affecting a child’s eyesight, body movement, hearing and intelligence. In more severe cases, brain damage, a

Many expecting and breastfeeding mothers experience dental problems. Higher nutrient requirements and carbohydrate intake, along with small, more frequent meals, increases gum problems and tooth decay. These dental infections can lead to other health problems, including a low birth weight and premature birth. Maintaining good oral hygiene during the pregnancy is important, and can prevent

Morning sickness is a common condition affecting women during pregnancy. In spite of the name, morning sickness may occur at any time of the day. Symptoms of the condition usually include changes in smell and taste, nausea and the need to vomit. There are a number of theories behind the contributing factors leading to morning

Your baby The makings of a new unique individual begin with the coupling of the gametes (sperm and ovum) that form a single celled organism called a zygote. In your uterus, the zygote undergoes many cell divisions to become a cluster of cells known as a blastocyst of which the outer cells develop into the placenta

Your baby You are an amazing powerhouse, taking care of all the baby’s necessities, allowing it to concentrate all its energy into growing and developing rapidly. Many organs will finish forming during this trimester, though not all will be able to function completely just as yet. The development and function of organs and systems during this

Your baby The final and important touches are underway; your baby is getting ready for life outside in the real world. Growth continues rapidly, motor control is more active, they are even practising breathing movements for their big day. Continue reading out loud and playing music for the baby as it can hear you and will

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